Which is the slowest W126?

Many people are interested in which cars are the fastest, but perhaps a more interesting question is which is the slowest W126?  There were a plethora of W126 models offered from 1979-1991 and not all of them were particularly fast.

For the purposes of this test, I have assembled some contenders, based on data from www.automobile-catalog.com.   This comparison assumes the cars are in as-new condition.  Obviously a car with low compression and a bad transmission is going to be slower.

Here are the contenders:

280SEL for the Swiss market

The Swiss market had very similar emissions laws to Australia, Japan and the USA during the early 80s.   The result of this was that the injected M110 engine was reduced to 118KW.   The big difference is that unlike Australia where the 280SE was offered, in Switzerland the heavier 280SEL was made available.   Our test car is from 1983.    These emissions laws increased the fuel consumption at the same time as blunting the performance.

Speeds are very low in Switzerland and the cars were probably used for chauffeur duty, meaning the impact other than fuel consumption was probably irrelevant.

380SEL for North America

The USA emissions laws had a profound impact on the 380SEL.   So much so that it is incredible to see a V8 in this line up.   Mercedes also persisted with the 2.47 rear axle ratio, likely because of the CAFE fuel consumption regulations.   To add insult to injury, these early cars were equipped with a single row timing chain that could break without warning.     North American models also came fully equipped resulting in the lowest power to weight ratio of any petrol W126.

Our test car is also from 1983.

280S

The 280S was the entry level model of the W126 range.   I understand it was largely sold in countries with poor fuel and where it may be hard to find people who could service a fuel injection system.     It it has the lowest power and worst fuel consumption of any of the cars tested.   However, it is lighter than some of our other contenders and has a shorter rear end ratio.   Our test car is from 1985.

I used to see a few of these during the 90s as private imports in Australia.   It has been years since I have seen one.

1985 300SD North America

The 300SD is a very popular car because of the incredible longevity of the engine and its great fuel consumption.    It is almost unfair to compare it to the other cars for this reason.   However, it is the slowest W126 by a fair margin.   It is just that it has so many other redeeming features that still make it a great choice if you live in North America.    The photo below is of a car that I saw in a junkyard while living in America.  I still have the owners manual.    Our test car is from 1985, as this year had the tallest rear end ratio.

Slowest W126

260SE Catalyst

The 260SE replaced the 280S in the line up.   It is most popular in countries with high taxes on engines with larger displacement.    Despite its smaller displacement it is the fastest W126 in our line up.    Our test car is from 1991 and is fitted with a catalytic converter, as many from the series 2 range were.

1987 300SDL (USA)

The second generation diesel engines were far smoother and more powerful than the venerable OM617.   They also had much better fuel economy.   The only downside is that they are not quite as robust.   They can still go big mileages, but the heads have been known to crack.

These are still an excellent car and in my mind the most desirable on the list.   There is a great video by Pierre Hedary that is worth watching.

Conclusion

While technically the winner of this challenge is the 300SD, the real winner is the 380SEL (USA).   The diesels are a trade off between performance and fuel consumption/longevity.   It is incredible that the performance of the 380 suffered so much due to emissions.    It is probably why these cars are now rare in the USA – once the second generation models came out there was really no comparison.    The only first generation model that is still common in the USA is the diesel, as a result of its cult following.

None of these cars are bad, in some ways this is a particularly silly test.   But it is interesting to compare the different models and work out who should be crowned the slowest W126.

Car1983 280SEL (CH)1983 380SEL (USA)1985 280S1985 300SD (USA)1991 260SE Catalyst1987 300SDL
Weight (kg)159017151560171015701740
Power (kW)11811611592118107
Torque (Nm)224266223250220264
Power/Weight (watt/kg)73.967.373.753.875.261.3
Rear end3.462.473.462.883.462.88
Est Top Speed (km/h)196188195180206195
0-100km/h (s)11.811.711.614.910.612.9
0-1/4 mile (s)17.918.417.819.517.118.5
Speed at 1/4 mile126120127115129120
Overtaking speed (80-120km)9108.911.28.210.3
City fuel consumption16.4-19.715.3-18.418.5-22.211.4-13.715.8-198.9-10.7

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